Basic Exchange And Cooperation Agreement For Geo-Spatial Cooperation (Beca)

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During the meeting, a request for advanced maritime cooperation was adopted. The defence ministers of India and the United States have signed a Basic Agreement (BECA) for cooperation within the country. This agreement would facilitate the exchange of geographic information between India and the United States, both for military and civilian purposes. The Indo-AMERICAN Basic Exchange and Cooperation Agreement for Geo-Spatial Cooperation (BECA) refers to the exchange of information on geospatial intelligence (GEOINT) on government use for defense and other purposes. It defines the use and analysis of geographic images and information to describe geographically referenced activities on Earth. Under BECA, the United States exchanges technical and procedural information with India relating to the standardization of methods, specifications, and formats for the collection, processing, and production of GEOINT information. These include tools and models for processing GPS data and transforming latitude, longitude and altitude coordinates across different frame frames of reference. With GPS-derived altitudes, an accurate geoid model helps determine the direction of water rivers. GNSS antenna calibration for antenna reference point (ARP) and northern reference point (PNR) is part of GEOINT for better reference data. The Basic Exchange and Cooperation Agreement (BECA) for Space Cooperation is essentially a proposed communication agreement between the National Geospatial Intelligence Agency of the US Department of Defense and the Ministry of Defense of the Government of India. The signing of the BECA marks the end of the extended period of mutual trust-building and creates the conditions for broader security cooperation.

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